Over the past decade, global warming has becoming the main focus of the entire world, sea level rise, climate change, the health and living quality of human beings are being threatened by it. In order to maintain sustainable development of the world, green energy development becomes the key energy policy of the different governments in the world.
Wind energy is one of the main green energy source among with water energy, solar energy, biomass energy, etc. The utilization of wind energy can be traced back to the ancient days. First, the ancient people built windmills which turn the wind energy into kinetic energy to grind grains and pump water. With the development of wind energy, wind power generating systems realize the conversion between wind to electricity.
The environment pollution problem has a strong relation with economy growth. As two of the world largest economic entities, America and China also have the largest responsibility to develop green energy, of course, wind energy is one of the main focuses.
From the report of global trade association, the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), we can find out there are 487GW wind turbine tower systems have been installed globally till 2016. Only in 2016, the whole world has installed wind turbine tower systems with the capacity of 54.6GW.
Asia Wind Energy Market
Among all the installed wind turbine tower systems in 2016, China’s wind turbine tower system installation is 23,370MW, which leads the world largest wind turbine tower system installation. Although it is an impressive installation record, it is still a plummet as china’s spectacular wind turbine system installation record in 2016, over 30GW a year. At the same time, Chinese offshore wind energy market is becoming a rising market, as in 2016, Chinese total offshore wind turbine system installation firstly passed Denmark, and now is the 3rd largest offshore wind market right after Great Britain and Germany.
Another large wind market in Asia is India. In 2016, India is the fourth largest wind energy market annually, with a blooming wind turbine system installation year of 3,612MW, which is also the national wind turbine system installation record of India. Right now, the total wind turbine system installation in India is 28,700MW.
Europe Wind Energy Market
European countries start to use wind energy first, especially the offshore wind turbine tower systems. Till now, Britain and Germany are still the largest offshore wind market of the world.
In 2016, EU has a strong year of wind turbine system installations, the total wind energy system contribution of EU in 2016 is 13.926MW. The largest wind energy contributor in EU is Germany, with a wind turbine systems installation capacity of 5,443MW, which is also the third place globally. Except Germany, France, Turkey, and Netherlands also show a strong support of global wind energy development. The 2016 wind turbine system installation in France is 1,500MW. Turkey has the similar installation with France, which is over 1,387MW, and the total wind turbine system installation in Turkey has passed 1GW. With an annual wind turbine system installation of 887MW, Netherlands has firstly been the top 10 global largest wind energy market annually.
North America Wind Energy Market
US is still the second largest country of wind turbine tower system installation with a total 8,203MW wind turbine system installed in 2016, and American offshore wind farms finally step into the demonstration stage. This wind energy installation is equal to the wind turbine system installation of 2015, and there are also a 18GW wind energy installation are under the stage of installation or development. Except America, Canada and Mexico also has a stable wind turbine tower system installation in 2016. Canada holds the annual wind turbine system installation of 702MW, and Mexico has its annual wind turbine system installation of 454MW.
Latin America Wind Energy Market
Latin America is also a main district of wind energy development. Without doubt, Brazil has still lead the Latin America wind energy market in 2016. In 2016, the wind turbine system installation of Brazil is 10,740MW, which makes the total wind turbine system installation of Brazil reaches 10GW. Chile also has a strong wind energy development in 2016, over 513MW wind turbine tower systems have been installed in 2016, and the total nation wind turbine system installation is about 1,424MW. The newly wind turbine system installed capacity of Uruguay is 365MW, and the total installed capacity of Uruguay is 1,210MW. Except that, other countries also add some wind turbine system based on their own requirements. Peru installed 93MW wind turbine systems in 2016. Dominican Republic newly installed some wind turbine tower systems with the capacity of 50MW. The number for Costa Rica is 20MW. In 2016, there is no new wind turbine system has been installed in Argentina, but there are 1,400MW wind turbine tower systems are under construction, so we can definitely expect a blooming period in the following years.
Africa And Oceania Wind Energy Market
The wind energy market in Africa and Oceania is quieter than the rest of the world. Among the district, South Africa is the largest wind energy market in 2016, which has newly installed 418MW wind turbine systems. The second place goes to Australia, which has a newly wind turbine tower system installed capacity of 140MW. The next promising country for wind energy in Africa is Morocco, it has already held an auction for over 800MW wind turbine tower system installation. Therefore, in the following years, Morocco will be an important wind energy market in Africa.